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Titanic: What Happened and Why?

Titanic under the water

On April 14, 1912, a freezing cold night in the north Atlantic, the Titanic struck an iceberg and sank. This tragic accident was one of the most hard-hitting and gruesome events to take place in history. The Titanic was considered unsinkable, but soon to follow it will be remembered for the unfortunate events that followed on its maiden voyage. The tragic accident that ended the lives of so many, over fifteen hundred people, and came as a surprise to everyone. The Titanic was considered unsinkable by everyone including it’s builder, Thomas Andrews, and was state of the art for hertime. No one could foresee striking an iceberg and sinking in under three hours.

The Titanic was sailing on the Atlantic ocean and on April 14 at 11:40pm it had struck a massive iceberg, which caused the Titanic to sink to the bottom of the ocean in only two hours by early morning, April 15. Many lives were tragically lost as a result of decisions and actions made leading up to the accident. There are many theories to be explored about what happened that made the Titanic sink, what could’ve been done to avoid the tragedy, and if it was the accident that was even avoidable in the first place. One thing is for certain, the decisions made during the process of design, construction, and at sea, made dramatic impacts that eventually would lead to this horrible incident.

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Captain Smith was the captain of the Titanic on her maiden voyage. He was a very experienced captain and had planned to sail the Titanic as his very last voyage. Captain Smith had also been captain of the Olympic, Titanic’s sister ship, when it survived a hit by a British naval ship. He was not especially concerned about ice and carried on normal sailing practices because he was very confident in the structure of the ship, especially after the survival of the Olympic which proved the ships were strong and in great shape.

The weather of the night that the Titanic sank was beautiful. It was a nice, cold, and very clear night. The water was calm and there was no moon or fog. Because the water was calm and there was very little light from the moon and stars, the lookouts had trouble seeing the waves crash onto icebergs and would not notice until it was too late. Many believe that if the lookouts had used binoculars they would have seen the iceberg before it was too late, though many also think that using binoculars would not have worked because the lookouts were not aware of the mirage they were staring at because of the different densities of air.