Titanic: "Why Did it Happen?"
One of the most luxurious and largest ships of its time, the Titanic was highly influential in creating today’s ships. The Titanic's sinking was unexpected but should not take away from the beauty of the Titanic. The creation of the Titanic had high amounts of thoughts, time, ideas, and labor which resulted in this magnificent ship. This will overview all about the Titanic, ranging from the setting of its sinking to the events leading up to its sinking and some theories about its sinking.
The Titanic was a large mark in history for quite a few reasons. Its building was shared with the public throughout all stages and the public was excited about its arrival. The Titanic was one of the largest man-made structures in the world when it was created. Its building was very popular because something like this was not very common and the size and features of the ship were one of the many reasons why people loved it and couldn't wait for its completion. On top of this, many claimed and went out of their way to state the Titanic was “unsinkable”. So when people heard the news of the Titanic sinking it was truly unbelievable. The Titanic did not even make a full voyage before it sank. This left many devastated.
On April 2nd, 1912 the Titanic sea trials and inspection were complete and it set out to sail eight days later. This catastrophic event occurred on April 14th, 1912 at 2:20 am. The Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean. This was 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada. The ship sank because it collided with an iceberg. The exact size of the iceberg is unknown but some reporters estimated its height to be 50 to 100 feet and 200 to 400 feet long.
The exact number of people aboard the ship is unknown because records were lost and not written down correctly. Many estimate it could have held 2,200 people which consisted of both passengers and crew members. With this, the exact number of lost lives is also unknown but reports allowed many to conclude that about 1,500 people died as the ship sank, meaning about 700 people had survived. The crew and third-class suffered tremendously when it came to fatalities and casualties. The Titanic had sunk at a rate of 30 knots which is around 35 mph or 50 km/h.
The captain of the ship, Edward John Smith, was a British naval officer. Captain E.J. Smith has sailed many large vessels before this incident so he did have experience. Captain E.J. Smith was sailing the Olympic in 1911 when it crashed into a British cruiser by the name of Hawke. Some knew him as the “Millionaire’s Captain” because he was well-known for traveling with wealthy people. Many blamed the Titanic’s skipper, Captain E.J. Smith for the sinking. This is because he was sailing the large ship at a high speed of 22 knots through what was known to be iceberg-heavy waters. A few days into the voyage, the crew received a message that there would be icebergs leading to a change in the ship’s course but Captain E.J. Smith did not change or alter the speed of the ship.
The odd part about the night the Titanic sank was the weather conditions. As it was cold the waters were still calm and the sky was clear. These conditions could not have led the Titanic to its sinking. An abundant amount of people perished in the water due to hypothermia because of its low temperatures. The water was about 32 degrees, which can kill someone in less than 15 minutes. Many conclude the ocean was completely still and there were very light winds. The temperature ranged from about 50 degrees Fahrenheit to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Some reported the sky was also cloudless and the fog was nowhere on site. The weather conditions were fine and nothing seemed to be a cause of the sinking.