Iceland is located in the North Europe. Iceland is a island between the Greenland Sea and the Northern Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom. The island covers a total of 103,000 sq km, about 100,250 sq km land and 2750 sq km water.The tempature is moderated by the North Atlantic Current. Iceland has usually cold windy winters, damp and cool summers.
Iceland was founded more than 1,000 years ago during the Viking age of exploration and settled by a mixed Norse and Celtic population. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of North America (which the Norse called Vinland). Despite its physical isolation some 500 miles (800 km) from Scotland—its nearest European neighbour—Iceland has remained throughout its history very much a part of European civilization. The Icelandic sagas, most of which recount heroic episodes that took place at the time the island was settled, are regarded as among the finest literary achievements of the Middle Ages, reflecting a European outlook while commemorating the history and customs of a people far removed from continental centres of commerce and culture.
Iceland is populated by few, 293,577 which was last estimated 31. December 2004. The Icelandic capital is Reykjavik and the population of Reykjavik and surrounding areas is more than 180,000. This island is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with an average about three inhabitants per square km.
The public language is Icelandic. Also an interesting fact is that Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital in the world; more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe.