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Iceland is a small island nation that is Europe's westernmost country and home to the world's northernmost capital, Reykjavik. Eleven percent of the country is covered in glacial ice and is surrounded by water. If global warming continues, rising water levels and melting ice could be devastating to Iceland.Iceland is defined by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. Massive glaciers are protected in Vatnajökull and Snæfellsjökull national parks. Most of the population lives in the capital, Reykjavik, which runs on geothermal power and is home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history.

Fun Facts

  • More than 60% of the Icelandic population live in the capital city, Reykjavik
  • Iceland was the last place on earth to be settled by humans
  • Many Icelanders believe in elves and trolls
  • You can swim outdoors in hot springs all year round