Northern Lights with Mountain

Background

Land and History

Iceland is a Nordic country, located on the constantly active geological border in the North Atlantic ocean between North America and Europe. It’s the northernmost inhabited land on the continent along with being the least populated place in Europe. It was founded over more than 1,000 years ago by accident during an exploration in the Viking age and was settled by Norse, Celtic and Viking people. Waterfall in Iceland Iceland’s coastline stretches for more than 3,000 miles going into the Greenland sea. It was created by volcanic eruptions and it has a very beautiful view with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik, the most populated, largest city and is the most eco-friendly area in the world.

Places you can see in Iceland

Mountain with Northern lights

Some other interesting things you can see in Iceland are fjord’s. A fjord is a long narrow bay with steep sides and or cliffs that are made by glaciers. You can go into Iceland's national park called Þingvellir, it has a beautiful rocky view with some lakes and historical shrines. Other interesting things you can see in Iceland are the volcanos. Out of the 130 of them you can see the 6 main ones: Öræfajökull, Bárðarbunga, Katla, Eyjafjallajökull, Grímsvötn and Hekla. If you like hiking through the snow the volcanoes are great to see. Another that’s equally important are glaciers. You can see many different types of glaciers in Iceland like the Vatnajökull, Langjökull, Hofsjökull, Mýrdalsjökull, and Drangajökull. Also Iceland has northern lights, called aurora borealis, that are pleasing to observe in the skylines.

Random facts about Iceland

  • Most Icelanders believe in elves, trolls and other mythical creatures because of their Norse and Viking background.
  • Iceland had one the first parlaments in the world.
  • Iceland has no standing army because Iceland has such a small population.
  • Geyser is a Icelantic word from the Norse people.
  • Iceland has a naming committee where you pick your name and the committee can accept or decline the name.
  • Iceland has no train/railroad system.
  • There are no snakes in Iceland.
  • The Vikings that discovered Iceland also discovered Greenland as well.
  • Iceland was once ruled by Denmark and Norway until they declared independence in 1944.