Facts about Iceland


Iceland is located in Northern Europe. Iceland is an island between the Greenland Sea and the Northern Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom. The island covers a total of 103,000 sq km, about 100,250 sq km land and 2750 sq km water. The tempature is moderated by the North Atlantic Current. Iceland has usually cold windy winters, and damp summers.


The Icelandic terrain is like none other, Iceland has many mountains, ice fields ,and the coast is deeply intended by bays and fiords. There are also some natural hazards in Iceland such as earthquakes and volcanoes. The most famous volcanic eruption happened in the mountain Hekla.


Iceland is populated by few, 293,577 which was last estimated December, 2004 . Every year the population grows for about 0,97 %. The Icelandic capital is Reykjavik and the population of Reykjavik and surrounding areas is more than 180,000. This island is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with an average about three inhabitants per square km. The national language is Icelandic. Also an interesting fact is that Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital in the world; thee is more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe. Iceland population