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Grounded between the Mediterranean Basin and Jordan River, Palestine sits and its foundation is composed of Arabian Shield metamorphic rocks, covered by sandstone, limestone, gypsum and various clay. Although it is a small region, Palestine holds significant Biblical and geological importance. Overall the history of Palestine is complicated due to the political issues over land, as it holds importance to the three major world religions. The people who walk this land are known as Palestinians who hold a strong hope for freedom from their oppressors.

Old map of Palestine

Palestine has been ruled by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Babyonians, Assyrians, Arabs, Fatimades, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians and Mamelukes but from 1517 to 1917, the Ottoman Empire ruled the region. As World War I ended in 1918, the British took control of the area and soon promised a plan for a Jewish national homeland on this same land, beginning in 1923.

Today, both Jews and Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their capital and fighting has persisted since the 1920s because of these claims. The Arab-Israeli War broke out in 1948 from the increased tensions and establishments nationwide and many other nations quickly took sides which fit their diplomatic, political and economic interests.

Due to this violence, some of Palestine’s beauty has been stripped away but its wonderful history will always remain.